Funeral service

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Organization of the funeral service in the town of Uzlovaya, Tula region

Uzlovaya, Tula region

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Panikhida - funeral service

Panikhida or funeral service. The name of the ritual ritual comes from the ancient Greek παννυχίς - pannichis - "all-night vigil" from πᾶς, πᾶσα, πᾶν - "whole or whole" + νύξ, νυκτός - “night” - for Christians this is a church service for the deceased on the very day of the funeral, and on the third, ninth or fortieth day after death, or on the anniversary of his death or birth.

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Another name for the full panikhida is parastas (Old Greek παρά-στᾰσις - "standing near" from Old Greek πᾰρᾰ- - a prefix with the meaning: adjacency, contiguity + Old Greek στάσις - "standing place"), it was proposed and used in the Trebnik of Peter Mogila in 1646. The abbreviated funeral service is called in Russia a funeral lithium.

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It should not be confused with the civil funeral service - mourning speeches dedicated to the memory of the deceased near the coffin or urn with ashes. The ritual of the requiem is set out in the "Trebnik".

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According to the instructions in the Trebniki, the requiem should be performed in the church; but very often it takes place in the house of the deceased, in the cemetery in front of the grave; in some cases, a memorial service is performed at the place of death. The requiem can be performed on a variety of days: on the 1st, 3rd, 9th, 40th day after death, as well as on the anniversary of his death, on his birthday and name day, etc.

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When performing a panikhida, according to the Book, a kolivo (kutia) is placed on the eve (a low table with the image of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ). But in practice, the requiem is performed without a koliva.

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According to the structure, a requiem is a funeral service, separate prayers from which are excluded; it also resembles a funeral matins. Its composition is as follows:

  • initial prayers;

  • ninetieth psalm;

  • the great funeral litany;

  • hallelujah with three verses;

  • the funeral troparion of the eighth voice: "Through the depth of wisdom, humanely all build, ..."

The 17th Kathisma (Psalm 118) is read or sung in full: "Blessed blamelessness in the way, walking in the Law of the Lord ...". Psalm 119 is divided into two articles (parts), for each verse of the first article the chorus: “Blessed art thou, Lord”, for each verse of the second article the chorus: “Spas! Save me ”, between the articles the priest pronounces an especially funeral litany“ Have mercy on us God, according to the greatness of your mercy… ”.
The troparion, taken for the blameless on Saturday, the fifth voice: "Find the holy face the Source of Life and the Door of Paradise, .." with a refrain: "Blessed art thou, Lord, teach me Thy Justification."


The priest recites a small litany for the dead.


The fifth funeral voice is sung:


Peace, our Spa, / with the righteous of Thy servant (or Thy servant or Thy servant), / and this (or this or these) placed in Thy courtyards, / as it is written: / despising that the good of his sin (or her or theirs) / voluntary and involuntary, / and all even in knowledge and not in knowledge, Humanity ...

Glory .., And now .., and the Theotokos is sung: "From the Virgin, Who shines to the world of Christ God, .."

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Psalm 50 is read.
After reading the 50th psalm, the funeral canon of the 6th voice is sung; after each irmos, four troparions, refrain to the first troparion: "Divan is God in his saints, the God of Israel", to the second troparion: "Peace, Lord, the soul of Thy servant who has fallen asleep (or the soul of Thy servant who has fallen asleep or Thy servant)", to the third troparion: "Glory to the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit", to the fourth: "And now and forever and forever and ever. Amen".

After the third canon of the canon, the priest pronounces the small funeral litany and the sedal is sung:
Truly all is vanity, / life is shade and dormancy, / for every earthly child is in vain, / I also speak Scripture: / Whenever we acquire the world, / then we enter the grave, / I taste. / The same, Christ God, / your reposed servant or your reposed servant or your reposed servant) rest, as a lover of mankind.


Glory .., And now .., and the Theotokos is sung: "All-Holy Mother of God, during my belly do not leave me, .."

After the sixth canon of the canon, the priest pronounces the small funeral litany and the funeral kontakion is sung:
Rest in peace, / Christ, the soul of Thy servant (or the soul of Thy servant, or the soul of Thy servant), / where there is no sickness, / neither sorrow, / nor sighing, / but life is endless, and self-relieved / peaceless and the creator of man: / earthly, we will be created from the earth, / and we will go to the earth, / I did the same, who created me and the river: / as the earth is so, and in the earth I can find a song for the creature / a : / hallelujah


After the canon, the Trisagion according to our Father is read.

The troparia of the 4th voice are sung:
From the spirits of the righteous who have passed away, / the soul of Thy servant (or the soul of Thy servant), Spas, rest, / keeping you (them) in a blissful life, even with You, Human-loving ...


An augmented litany of repose is recited, after which the priest says:
In the blessed success, give eternal rest, O Lord, to your fallen servant (your fallen servant) was called, and made him (her) an everlasting memory.


The choir sings three times: "Eternal memory", often all present sing along.

If there is a coliva at the funeral, then the deacon (or priest) after the funeral reads the prayer "Our Father ..." over him and blesses him, as well as other (edible) offerings.

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The short requiem is called the funeral lithium, its order is set forth in some missives.

Memorial services performed on Ecumenical parental Saturdays are called Ecumenical.

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In Orthodox churches, parental Saturdays are days of special commemoration of the dead; among them, the Ecumenical ones are especially distinguished - Meat and Trinity, when a general church commemoration of all baptized Christians is performed. Sometimes it is indicated that the rest of the parental Saturdays are not Ecumenical, but the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Saturdays of Lent are also days when everyone is remembered “in the hope of resurrection and eternal life” of the departed.

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Source: Wikipedia

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